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Category: Data Breach

The Unexpected Curriculum – Case study: Information Security in Education

Introduction When we think about hackers, it most likely means any skilled computer expert who uses their technical skills to tackle an issue. While a “hacker” can refer to any skilled computer programmer, the term has been incorporated by popular culture by portraying hackers as someone who, with their technical knowledge, uses bugs or exploits…
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The TJX Breach – Do Not Cut Corners When It Comes To Security, Be Cyber Vigilant

Background TJX Companies Inc. (TJX) is a leading off-price apparel and home fashions retailer and owner of a number of retail brands, including T.J.Maxx, Marshalls and Bob’s Stores. TJX suffered from a major security breach from 2005 to 2007. Over the span of 18 months starting from July 2005, 45.6 million credit and debit card…
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Case Study: Singhealth Data Breach Cyber Attack with infographics

OVERVIEW Between June 27 and July 4 2017, a foreign, persistent and sophisticated threat group broke into SingHealth’s system and gained access to the Sunrise Clinical Manager (SCM) database holding electronic medical records. It stole the personal data of 1.5 million patients and the outpatient medication records of 160,000 of them — including Prime Minister…
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The Veterans Affair Breach – Anyone Can Be The Weakest Link

Background On May 3, 2006, a data analyst at Veterans Affairs had his computer equipment stolen from his home in Montgomery County, Maryland. The analyst had taken his laptop PC and external hard disk home without permission.The hard disk contained unencrypted insurance claim data for 26.5 million active duty troops and veterans, leaving them open…
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The Sony Breach – Safeguard Information and Avoid Blackmail

Background In November 2014, Sony Pictures suffered from a major cybersecurity breach. Hackers not only erased data from its systems and computer infrastructure, using a variant of the Shamoon wiper malware, but also stole nearly up to 100 terabytes of sensitive data from Sony. This information which was gradually released to the public included pre-release…
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The Maersk Breach – Cyber Resilience and Human Resilience

Background On 27 June 2017, shipping and logistics giant Maersk was hit by NotPetya ransomware. NotPetya is a malware originally developed as a disk-wiping cyber weapon by Russian military. The malware’s target was businesses in Ukraine – but it quickly got out of hand and was spreading throughout networks around the world, with almost 50,000…
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The Target Breach – You Are Only as Secure as Your Partners Are

Background In late-November 2013, Target Corporation’s (Target), one of the largest retail companies in the United States, security and payment system was breached. Attackers gained access to Target’s computer network, stole the financial and personal information of as many as 110 million Target customers, and then removed this sensitive information from Target’s network to a…
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The Equifax Breach – Constant Surveillance is Key

Background Equifax, a major United States credit reporting agency, was breached in March 2017, with attackers accessing personal information of at least 145.5 million individuals. Equifax specifically traffics in personal data and with this breach, more than 40 percent of the population of the United States — names, addresses, dates of birth, Social Security numbers,…
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